If you work with hazardous chemicals, it is important to have a precise safety procedure handy in case an accident occurs. Unfortunately, if you do not wear Tyvek® suits or other protective clothing, then an accident is sure to happen. Here are a few safety guidelines for chemical exposures in the stomach, skin, and eyes:
If a Chemical has been Ingested
If you or someone you encounter has accidentally ingested a toxic chemical, your first thought might be to try and get the substance out by vomiting. However, there can be many risks associated with inducing vomiting especially in emergency situations. You might also try to drink milk or water to dilute the chemical ingested, but this also is not recommended unless specifically told by to do so by the Poison Control Centre. In the case of a chemical ingestion, it is wisest to immediately call an emergency line or the Poison Control Centre. They will be able to help guide you step by step to ensure safer results.
Chemicals on Skin or Eyes
The initial step after encountering a toxic chemical on your skin or eyes is to immediately flush it away with water. The faster you rinse the chemical – the better you will prevent permanent damage to your skin or sight. The recommended amount of time suggests 15 or 20 minutes of rinsing. However, it depends on the chemical. Here is a brief time guideline for washing away chemicals based on their toxicity:
- Mild irritants 5 min
- Moderate-Severe Irritants: 15-20 min
- Most Corrosives: 30 min
- Strong Alkalis: 60 min
For ultimate protection, Disposable Garments sells protective eye wear and Tyvek® suits to protect your body from being exposed to these hazardous chemicals. You can buy Tyvek® suits right here online!
Courtesy Of: CCOHS
Tyvek® is the trademark name for a brand of high-density polyethylene fibers that have been flashspun (that’s a fancy way to say non-woven fabric). The trademark was registered by the company DuPont in 1965, ten years after Jim White, a DuPont researcher, discovered the material and 2 years later it was introduced for commercial purposes. The material is very strong; it is difficult to tear but can easily be cut with scissors or a knife. Water vapor can pass through Tyvek®, but liquid water cannot. These properties make Tyvek® useful in a variety of applications. While most people are most familiar with Tyvek® suit, it has been used for many other applications such as, it is an extremely versatile material
Licenses and Currency, and Mail
- Tyvek® has been used to create banknotes in Haiti and Costa Rica.
- From 1986-1999, New Zealand incorporated Tyvek® material in their licenses.
- In the US, Tyvek® was used in envelopes by the postal service as well as Fedex.
Construction and Space Shuttles
Housewrap, which is a material used in construction to form an air barrier between various components of buildings during the construction period, is often made of large sheets of Tyvek®.
The material was even used as part of the Space Shuttle program as a cover for the RCS thruster ports in the program’s later years.
Clothing and Accessories
- Because of its durability, Tyvek® has been used in textile and clothing labels as well as shoes. The fashion industry has experimented with Tyvek®. In 1976, fashion house Fiorucci made an entire collection out of Tyvek®. More recently fashion retailer and manufacturer American Apparel has included white Tyvek® shorts.
- Rock band Devo is known for wearing large, two-piece Tyvek® suits with black elastic belts and 3-D glasses. In 1979, Devo appeared with Tyvek® leisure suits and shirts made specifically for the band, with the band’s own designs and images. In 2005,
- Dynomighty Design introduced a Tyvek® wallet made from a single sheet of Tyvek®.
- The ultralight backpacking community has begun to use Tyvek® for the construction of extremely light yet durable backpacks. In 2012,
- The Open Company released a foldable city map made of one of the stiffer variants of Tyvek®
It is also used to make coveralls used by mechanics and those who work with hazardous materials. Tyvek® can even be seen in the form of wristbands used at concerts, fairs, and other public events where people must prove that they paid for admission.
Since its discovery Tyvek® has proven itself to be extremely versatile, and remains a key component in the manufacture of materials and products across the globe.
Occupational Foot Safety
Foot safety at work is a topic that we as employers, managers, and employees all need to address. Far too many preventable foot injuries occur in the workplace every single day. According to the BLS, more than 60,000 foot injuries each year result in lost workdays. The National Council on Compensation Insurance estimates that the average cost of each lost day of work is equivalent to $9,600. Sadly, all of these injuries, and as a result, of this lost production, is largely preventable. Below we will explore what causes foot injuries on the job and what you can do to prevent them.
Foot injuries can be caused by a number of things. They can occur in an instance or they can occur over long periods of time. The most immediate dangers to your feet on the job are those hazards that could cause acute injury. Punctures, cuts, lacerations, burns, crushed or broken feet, sprained or twisted ankles, and even electric shocks are all possible dangers to your feet on a job site. All of the physical hazards on a work site leave your feet vulnerable to these injuries. Things like slippery floors, exposed sharp edges and nails, heavy objects falling or moving vehicles can all present danger. Recognizing these hazards is the first step to preventing injury.
However, there are dangers to our feet that are not so obvious. Improper footwear can have a much more long-term effect on your feet. Wearing shoes that don’t provide the proper support over long periods of time can do chronic damage to your feet—especially if you are standing, walking, or lifting for much of your job.
There are a couple of things that can be done to mitigate the risks of occupation foot injury. You can redesign the job so that it improves foot safety, you can employ the proper training to prevent injury, and you can mandate the proper protective footwear on the job.
The first thing you can do is design the job to minimize hazards. What does that look like? It looks like a tidy work environment—free of obvious visible hazards. The workplace should have a culture of tidiness. Make it the norm around the jobsite. It also means that jobs vary in the tasks that a worker does. Job should allow workers who are on their feet for long periods of time to have the opportunity to do tasks where they sit. Different tasks should involve different motions and different positions for your body. Repetition of a certain task can cause injury. Also, a work day should allot for breaks. Rest helps prevent injury.
The next, crucial step to making a job safer (in any capacity) is proper safety training. We can’t stress this one enough! Make sure that your employees are told explicitly what the dangers of the job are and specifically how to prevent them. And don’t stop after you tell them once. Safety training is something that needs maintenance. Frequent training sessions should take place among employees and management to remind everyone of safety’s important role on the job.
Lastly, and perhaps most importantly, you need to be wearing the right PPE. With the right footwear, you can prevent these injuries from happening! Let’s look at what makes a shoe good for dangerous work environments:
- The shoe grips the heal firmly
- The front of the shoe allows freedom of movement of the toes
- Low, wide-based heel
- Steel mid-sole
- Steel toe cap that covers all toes
- Support for both arch and ankles
- Non-slip soles (although these are not 100% effective)
Eye injuries are one of the most commonplace occupational injuries. There are a variety of jobs that have the potential to damage your eyes through a variety of hazards. Foreign objects or chemicals may come into contact with the eyes and cause cuts or scrapes or irritation. Infectious disease can make its way into your body through the eyes for workers in the health care field. If you rub your eyes after coming into contact with hazardous or infectious material, it could cause damage to your eyes. It’s important to discuss eye injuries at the workplace because of how often they happen, they are largely preventable. At MPE, we believe our workforce can cut down on the number of eye injuries on the job.
Let’s discuss why people injure their eyes at work. Largely, it has to do with the level of caution they are taking. Wearing proper eye protection for a given task is crucial to your safety and well-being. Most people get hurt on the job because they are either not wearing any eye protection, or wearing the incorrect protection for the type of work they are doing. Nearly 60% of people who suffer an eye injury at work were not wearing eye protection at the time of the accident. There are a lot of reasons someone may not wear the proper eye protection (or none at all). It could be laziness, it could be an improper analysis of the danger of the situation, but most importantly for our purposes, it could be a lack of education and proper safety management. Enforcing eye protection on the job is the number one way to prevent eye injuries. Proper safety training is a key element of this.
So what do employees need to learn? From the get-go, your employees need to know that eye protection is not an option—it is a necessity. Explaining the reason behind eye safety and the situations that call for it is essential to preventing these types of injuries. Any workplace that includes projectiles (particles in the air that could come into contact with the eyes and irritate them), chemicals (either liquid or gaseous), radiation in many forms, or bloodborne pathogens all require eye protection. Some of the most susceptible industries to occupational eye injuries include fields like welding, carpentry, construction, auto repair, plumbing, medical, mining, electrical work, manufacturing, maintenance work, and epidemiology.
So what can you do to prevent eye injuries? Take the following steps:
- Identify and understand the hazards on the jobsite that put your eyes at risk
- Eliminate or at least minimize these hazards to the best of your ability before work starts
- Equip yourself with the proper eye protection
- Maintain protective eye gear and replace it when applicable
you work outdoors you have to take into consideration weather conditions on top of all of the safety issues normally associated with a job. Below is a short list of tips to help outdoor workers stay safe, dry, and the correct temperature.
If you find yourself working outdoors in winter, there a few things to keep in mind. The first and perhaps most obvious point is to stay warm! Dress appropriately for the weather. Wear warm layers underneath lightweight, wind-resistant layers. Make sure to keep your head warm with the proper headgear Don’t forget to keep your feet dry! If you’re dragging your feet through snow, keep a pair of dry socks handy! Get yourself a good pair of gloves that allows you to still perform your work while keeping your hands warm.
Spring showers bring their own set of problems for the outdoor workforce. If you’re working during the rainy season, keep in mind that you want the proper rain gear. Employees should be well-equipped with rain suits that are light and breathable. They should be something that you can still move around and work in comfortably.
Sweet summertime is actually one of the most dangerous times of year for outdoor workers. The summer heat presents the risk of heat illness while on the job. When you’re working outside during the hot summer months remember three things: Rest, shade, and water! Take breaks as frequently as you need. Get out of the sun as much as you can. Finally, drink water all day long, even when you don’t feel thirsty! You’ll thank yourself when you don’t succumb to heat stroke on the job.
Autumn is one of the most unpredictable times of the year as far as weather goes. You really need to be prepared for everything and anything mother nature can throw your way. Some days are sweltering hot, while others are shivering cold. Some days are rainy and some days have clear skies. Keep all of the tips above in mind during fall.
For all the gear you need for outdoor work year-round, visit our shop!
Different workplaces have their own set of hazards and dangers regardless of whether you work in a factory, a construction site, or even an office. You can sustain an injury on the job no matter what environment you work in, so it’s important to understand your company’s safety policies and procedures. Below are some of the most common workplace injuries for which you should be on the lookout.
Slips, Trips & Falls
Slips, trips, and falls can happen in any work environment but are especially prevalent on work sites that are unkempt. This could mean that floors are wet and slippery or that materials/tools/equipment have been left out. This is why proper procedure for keeping a tidy workplace are so important! Falls could also happen from elevated areas, ladders, stairs, etc. These are usually the cause of more severe injuries.
Overexertion injuries are incredibly common in the workplace. Any job that involves manual labor of some kind presents the risk for overexertion. Tasks like lifting, pushing, and pulling can all lead to overexertion and lead to an expensive and lengthy recovery.
Electrocution can be the source of severe injuries on a work site. Without the proper safety training and PPE, electric currents pose a huge threat to employees. Electrocution can cause thermal burns to the skin, it can cause damage to nerve and muscle tissue when electricity passes through the body, and can even cause cardiac arrest.
Machine & Vehicle Accidents
Mishandled machinery and work-related vehicle accidents account for a large percentage of on-the-job injuries. There are a number of variations of accidents that deal with machinery, equipment, and vehicles. Workers may become crushed or entangled in machinery, they may hurt themselves using dangerous equipment, or they can get in collisions with work vehicles.
Repetitive Motion Injuries
These injuries are those that occur from repetitive work-related tasks. The constant repetition can cause stress or strain on muscles, tendons, ligaments, and other soft tissues. These injuries can get pretty severe after a while. The good news is that injury can be prevented! Visit our repetitive tasks blog to find out how!
Objects falling from heights and hitting employees are generally a danger in places like construction sites, where workers are navigating multiple levels and there are tools and materials scattered about. The best thing you can do to avoid this is keep a tidy workplace.
Walking Into Things
Have you ever walked into something by accident? You aren’t the only one. This kind of accident can happen any place in home, at work or outside. Distraction is the major reason for this type of accident and while most times you can walk away with a few bruises there are times you won’t walk away. Be aware of your surrounds especially on the job in and around hazardous equipment and ALWAYS wear your hard hat!
Risk management in the workplace is the process of identifying and minimizing risks in an occupational setting. This encompasses a large number of different practices including physical hazard assessment, ergonomics, and legal liability reduction. There are a number of different risk types that need to be evaluated in a work setting, and reevaluated on a regular basis to ensure an optimal level of production, safety, and health on the job.
Perhaps one of the most important risk assessments that needs to be made in the workplace is that of physical hazards. Physical hazards are anything in a work environment that have the potential to physically harm members of a staff. There are a number of different physical hazards that can be identified and addressed and may include (but are not limited to) any of the following:
- Improper storage of products or supplies
- Broken, malfunctioning, or poorly maintained equipment
- Unkempt work spaces
- Electrical hazards
- Fire code violations
- A lack of PPE
- Air quality
- Noise pollution
The good news about physical hazards is that they are often visible and can generally be addressed fairly quickly by fixing a single problem. Some physical hazards are not visible and require an inspection to uncover. That’s why it’s recommended that companies have safety inspections frequently. This is part of performing a comprehensive risk management assessment.
Ergonomics is the study of people’s efficiency in their work environment. . The risk associated with poor ergonomics is that production may go down. Ergonomic risks are often more difficult to address because they may have to do with processes set in place which are harder to change than a broken piece of equipment or a wet floor. Fixing ergonomic risks often requires high-level thinking and company-wide change.
Every company should take risks seriously—especially if those risks have the potential to turn into legal problems. Safety & health for all employees should be on the top of the priority list for managers, as failing to meet standards for safety and health can land a company in serious legal trouble. A company should also assess any HR risks that might be present in a work environment, including discrimination of any kind, harassment, or poor coworker dynamics. HR violations can turn into law suits just as quickly as a workplace injury!
Back pain and injuries are one of the most common types of occupational injuries that occur. Additionally, recovery time from these injuries tends to be longer than others. Back injuries are a threat to productivity and more importantly, worker health and well-being. Occupational health and safety should be the number one priority at any company. Learn how to prevent back injuries in the workplace with our tips.
Education and proper training are the first and best defense against occupation health hazards. If employees are informed of the dangers of the workplace and guided on how to avoid them, they will be more likely to proactively prevent injury & illness. Have frequent training sessions that include occupational health and safety sections. Back injury prevention should be included.
If there are physical aspects to a position at your company, make sure you encourage all employees to stretch before work. Many people can avoid injury simply by stretching before physical activity. Stretching helps increase blood flow to the muscles as well as the discs between vertebrae. This helps the muscles function better and decreases the likelihood of them tensing up.
Improve Posture & Lift With The Legs
Maintaining good posture is a good idea in general, but can help reduce back injuries as well. Make sure that employees also use the proper technique for lifting heavy objects. Lifting loads is one of the biggest reason for back injuries. The proper technique doesn’t only decrease the likelihood of injury, it will actually make lifting easier. Encourage employees to lift with their legs and hold loads as close to themselves as possible. Keep the back straight, and avoid twisting or jerking. Stretch after putting the load down as well.
Assess the Situation
Tell employees to play it safe! If a load looks too heavy for one person to carry—always ask for help. Moving too much weight is just asking for an injury. There’s no shame in asking for some help. If the load is too big for multiple people to lift or move, it’s time to employ some machinery. Some tasks are simply safer with mechanical equipment.
Evacuation procedures are a crucial safety element to the operations of a company. Creating and implementing a proper emergency action plan, or EAP, involves many different factors, but should always include what to do in the case of a facility evacuation. If evacuations are not explicitly organized, they can result in mass confusion and even injury. Below are some of the topics that should be addressed in the evacuation procedure.
Conditions That Qualify For An Evacuation
Be sure to identify the types of situations that would result in an evacuation so that all members of your staff are able to recognize immediately whether an evacuation is necessary. This should include situations where it would be better to find shelter within the facility rather than evacuating as well.
Develop A Chain of Command
When it comes time to actually evacuate a facility, it is going to be critical that there are trained, responsible supervisors who can take the reins and effectively coordinate the evacuation. There needs to be a clear hierarchy so that everyone in the building knows who to listen to in the case of an emergency. Make sure all employees are educated on general evacuation procedures and are also aware of who they should look to for instruction.
Maps of evacuation routes and exits should be posted frequently throughout every facility. The maps should be clearly marked with exits, assembly points, and where equipment such as fire extinguishers and other safety equipment is located. Exits should be well-lit and wide enough to accommodate several evacuators. Making things clear and easy to understand in all maps and routes will be crucial so that people can understand them quickly and easily, since they may be in a state of panic.
Make Everyone’s Responsibilities Clear
Make sure that all employees are well educated on what their own roles are in an evacuation scenario. There should be procedures for what employees should know before an emergency occurs, what should be done in an emergency, and what to do should an employee become trapped. There should also be designation of who evacuates first, who stays behind to make sure that critical operations are shut down, help check to make sure everyone is out of the facility, and perform other evacuation-related duties. There should also be a plan in place for accounting for all employees in an evacuation.
Frequent Training & Education
Like all safety procedures at a workplace, evacuation education and training should occur periodically for all employees. Obviously, new hires should be made aware of safety information, but it is important to refresh everyone’s memory frequently so that they all know what to do in the case of an emergency.
Many labor-based jobs require repetitive tasks that can lead to repetitive strain/stress injuries. These are injuries that affect your muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves, and other soft tissues and happen because of consistent and repetitive motion. Doing the same job day in and day out puts strain on the muscles that you use to do that job. After a long time, this strain can cause some serious problems including chronic injuries.
The good news is that you can implement systems of prevention at your company to mitigate this risk. By making some changes at the top, you can help prevent repetitive strain injuries for your workers. Not only will making these changes improve the daily lives and health of your employees, it will in turn improve your operation’s productivity. Happier, healthier workers do better work, after all. Here are the changes you can make:
Redesign the job.
Make sure that a job doesn’t involve one repetitive task day in and day out. Keep the employee in mind when designing operations. Job stations should allow workers to sit as well as stand. They should switch up the movement or task that the worker is doing whenever possible, and they should match the specific worker’s capabilities.
Provide the proper PPE.
The proper gear is essential not only for safety, but for long-term health. Making sure that employees have access to proper footwear, for example, for those workers who spend long hours of their workday standing or walking will not only help them be more comfortable during their shift, but it will provide long-term results such as helping prevent knee and leg injuries.
Provide Training & Education.
Let employees know that repetitive strain injuries exist, and tell them what they can do about it. Include in your safety training how to recognize early symptoms of these injuries and allot time for breaks in the workday—and encourage workers to take them. Teach them how to avoid these injuries in the first place. The longer a worker performs a repetitive task, the higher risk they are at to develop an injury, so make sure that each employee knows the importance of things like PPE and proper rest.
For other tips, contact your local OSHA office.
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